There are a variety of dog collar training methods and along with these methods are different training collars. The key is to train your dog the basics such as sit, stay and come. These three commands will help you gain control of your dog to a degree that you can use either the come-along collar or the basic leash.
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The Come Along or Gentle Collar – These are great collars for people who are very timid and need help in keeping their dogs in control while walking them. This is my first choice in dog collars for anyone without the ability to keep their dogs in control.
The Leash – This of course is the well known typical dog collar used in walking and training all types of dogs.
Choke chains – There are two different types of these choke chains. A large powerful dog with a lot of fur around their neck often times has these types of collars. The chain collar can create problems with the hair and be ineffective. The one with claws can be very difficult to use properly and if you are considering these types of dog collar training methods I highly recommend you get proper one on one training from a professional.
Start with a six foot leash and a slip chain that is always loose unless making a correction. Do not pull a leash or allow your dog to pull you. A tight leash encourages a dog to pull more. Keep the leash loose and snap it outward to create a quick constriction of the slip chain when making a correction.
This quick correction with a 1/4 second snap and the chain is loose again is similar to a dog biting another dog on the back of the neck with a controlled bite to establish pack order. The controlled snap can vary in force and depends on the dogs personality.
Dogs have less than a one second attention span. Therefore, by the time a dog owner speaks or physically corrects their dog the message is lost in the delay. Dog owners fail to react instantly as the correction was needed. When a dog needs a correction for doing something wrong you must use verbal and physical leash snaps simultaneously to prevent confusion.
The correction is always followed by many positive verbal praise and lifting of the head to face the dog eye to eye when the dog does the command correctly. Try using a 3 to 1 praise ratio for every correction. Three positive head lifts and verbal praise using a one word command repeated three times simultaneously. In the beginning of training I suggest a 7 to 1 praise ratio.
A dog needs to see both sides of your personality as a pack leader. The correction must be fast and sometimes repeated again and again to enforce a rule or command. But if training becomes all corrections than the brain will shut down and become more like a robot and never learn to think and be happy. Training is accelerated at a faster pace if more praise is used than correction when the dog obeys.
Commands need to be one word commands that are specific to the task requested of the dog. Keep training one dimensional. Do not mix words for the same command. Do not say good boy or good girl. Dogs do not learn gender in our training. Use commands such as sit, stay, down, up, check, heel, or off. Say good sit not good boy.
Good sit repeated several times in a 7 to 1 ratio. Use the dogs name to come to you. Do not say come here good boy. Come on get over here is not a one word command. Simply say your dogs name to come to you. Do not repeat the command only say it once. If the dog does not respond than use corrections.
Remember saying a command more than once with out a correction is negotiating. We do not beg our dogs to obey. We say the command and count to 3 at the most in the beginning and start making multiple corrections. As the dog learns to follow a command we count to one and expect the command to be followed.
If you fail to use the verbal corrections and verbal praise with out simultaneous physical important is to not make a lot of mistakes in the training and confuse the dog. Little details in our world are big details in a dogs world. Keep you mind calm even during corrections. Dogs will not respond well to an angry stressed trainer.